The University of Arizona

Stakeholder Engagement Resources | CCASS


A new website focused on Scenario Planning for Climate Adaptation,, has been developed by CCASS and the DOI Southwest Climate Science Center. 

About Us

CCASS/NNCAP welcomes Valerie Small!

Dr. Valerie Small (Apsaalooke'-Crow) has joined the Native Nations Climate Adaptation Program as an Assistant Research Scientist. Dr. Small will be working with Tribes in the Southwest Region in collaboration with CCASS and NNCAP within the Institute of the Environment as well as the Southwest Climate Science Center (SW CSC). She will develop and deliver educational training modules to increase their environmental technical capacity in preparing for, as well as predicting near-term/future effects of climate change.

Prior to joining the UA, Valerie was a training consultant with Colorado State University, Natural Resource Ecology Lab (NREL), working with the North Central Climate Science Center. Her experience includes developing and conducting training and research to support North American Indigenous Tribes adaptation planning efforts to prepare for the effects of a warming climate.  

Stakeholder Engagement Resources

Recommended reading on engaging stakeholders in climate adaptation and decision-making:

Bidwell, D., T. Dietz, and D. Scavia, 2013. Fostering knowledge networks for climate adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 3: 610-611. doi:10.1038/nclimate1931 

Briley, L., D. Brown, S.E. Kalafatis, 2015. Overcoming barriers during the co-production of climate information for decision-making, Climate Risk Management, doi:  ABSTRACT

Brugger, J., and M. Crimmins, 2014.  Designing institutions to support local level climate change adaptation: Insights from a case study of the U.S. Cooperative Extension System. Weather, Climate, and Society, doi: 10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00036.1.  ABSTRACT

Buizer, J., K. Jacobs, and D. Cash, 2009. Making short-term climate forecasts useful: linking science and action. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. online, doi:10.1073/pnas.0900518107  ABSTRACT

Carr, A. and R. Wilkinson, 2005. Beyond participation: boundary organizations as a new space for farmers and scientists to interact. Society and Natural Resources, 18(3): 255-265.  ABSTRACT

Cash, D.W., J.C. Borck, and A.G. Patt, 2006. Countering the ‘loading dock’ approach to linking science and decision making. Comparative analysis of El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forecasting systems. Science, Technology and Human Values, 31(4): 465-494.  ABSTRACT

Cash, D.W., and S.C. Moser. 2000. Linking global and local scales: designing dynamic assessment and management processes. Global Environmental Change, 10(2): 109-120.  ABSTRACT

Chief, K., A.M. Meadow, K. White, 2016. Engaging Southwestern Tribes in sustainable water resources topics and management. Water, 8: 350.  ABSTRACT

Christoplos, I., M. Anderson, M. Arnold, V. Galaz, M. Hedger, R.J.T. Klein, and K. Le Goulven, 2009. The human dimension of climate adaptation: the importance of local and institutional issues. Commission on Climate Change and Development, Stockholm. 

Cvitanovic, C., A. J. Hobday, L. van Kerkhoff, and N. A. Marshall, 2015. Overcoming barriers to knowledge exchange for adaptive resource management; the perspectives of Australian marine scientists. Marine Policy, 52: 38–44. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.10.026 ABSTRACT

Cornell, S., F. Berkhout, W. Tuinstra, J.D. Tàbara, J. Jäger, I. Chabay, and B. de Wit, 2013. Opening up knowledge systems for better responses to global environmental change. Environ. Sci. Policy, 28: 60–70. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2012.11.008  ABSTRACT

Dilling, L., and M.C. Lemos, 2011. Creating usable science: opportunities and constraints for climate knowledge use and their implications for science policy. Global Environmental Change. 21: 680-689. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.11.006  ABSTRACT

Eden, S., 2011. Lessons on the generation of usable science from an assessment of decision support practices. Environmental Science & Policy. 14: 11-19. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2010.09.011  ABSTRACT

Feldman, D.L., and H.M. Ingram, 2009. Making science useful to decision makers: Climate forecasts, water management and knowledge networks. Weather, Climate and Society, 1: 9-21.  ABSTRACT

Ferguson, D.B., J. Rice, and C. Woodhouse, 2014. Linking environmental research and practice: Lessons from the integration of climate science and water management in the western United States. Tucson, AZ: Climate Assessment for the Southwest.  ABSTRACT

Greenwood, D. J., W. F. Whyte, and I. Harkavy, 1993. Participatory action research as a process and as a goal. Human Relations, 46: 175–192. doi:10.1177/001872679304600203  ABSTRACT

Guston, D.H., 2001. Boundary organizations in environmental policy and science: an introduction. Science, Technology, and Human Values,, 26(4): 399–408. 

Hoppe, R., 2010. Lost in translation? Boundary work in making climate change governable, in From Climate Change to Social Change: Perspectives on Science-Policy Interfaces, ed. P. Driessen, P. Leroy, and W. van Vierseen. Utrecht: International Books, pp. 109-130.

Hulme, M., M. Mahony, S. Beck, C. Görg, et al., 2011. Science-policy interface: beyond assessments. Science, 333(6043): 697-698. doi: 10.1126/science.333.6043.697

Jacobs, K.L., and J.L. Buizer, 2015.  Building community, credibility and knowledge: the third US National Climate Assessment. Climatic Change 135(1): 9-22. doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1445-8

Jacobs, K., G. Garfin, and M. Lenart, 2005. More than just talk: connecting science and decision-making. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 47(9): 6-21. doi:10.3200/ENVT.47.9.6-21

Jacobs, K., L. Lebel. J. Buizer, L. Addams, P. Matson, et al., 2010. Linking knowledge with action in the pursuit of sustainable water-resources management. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113(17): 4591-4596.  doi:10.1073/pnas.0813125107  ABSTRACT

Jasanoff, S., 1987. Contested boundaries in policy-relevant science. Social Studies of Science,17(2): 195-230. Doi: 10.1177/030631287017002001 ABSTRACT

Jasanoff, S., 2004. The idiom of co-production. In S. Jasanoff (ed.), States of Knowledge: the Co- Production of Science and Social Order. London, Routledge, Taylor & Francis, pp. 1-12.  ABSTRACT

Kirchhoff, C.J., M.C. Lemos, and S. Dessai, 2013. Actionable knowledge for environmental decision making: Broadening the usability of climate science. Annual Review of Environment and Natural Resources, 38(3): 1-22. doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-022112-112828  ABSTRACT

Lacey, J., S.M. Howden, C. Cvitanovic, and A.-M. Dowd, 2015. Informed adaptation: Ethical considerations for adaptation researchers and decisions-makers. Global Environmental Change, 32: 200–210.  ABSTRACT

Lemos, M.C., and B.J. Morehouse, 2005. The co-production of science and policy in integrated climate assessments. Global Environmental Change, 15: 57–68. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.09.004  ABSTRACT

Lemos, M.C., C.J. Kirchhoff, and V. Ramprasad, 2012. Narrowing the climate information usability gap. Nature Climate Change, 2: 789-794. Doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE1614  ABSTRACT

Lemos, M.C., C.J. Kirchhoff, S.E. Kalafatis, D. Scavia, and R.B. Rood, 2014. Moving climate information off the shelf: Boundary chains and the role of RISAs as adaptive organizations. Weather, Climate and Society, 6(2): 273-285.  ABSTRACT

Lempert, R., N. Nakicenovic, D. Sarewitz, and M. Schlesinger, 2004. Characterizing climate-change uncertainties for decision-makers. An editorial essay. Climatic Change, 65(1-2): 1–9. 

Lövbrand, E., 2011. Co-producing European climate science and policy: a cautionary note on the making of useful knowledge. Science and Public Policy, 38(2), 225-236. doi:10.3152/030234211X129240936605

Mauser, W., G. Klepper, M. Rice, B.S. Schmalzbauer, H. Hackmann, R. Leemans, and H. Moore, 2013. Transdisciplinary global change research: the co-creation of knowledge for sustainability. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5 (3-4): 420-31.  ABSTRACT

McNie, E.C., 2007. Reconciling the supply of scientific information with user demands: an analysis of the problem and review of the literature. Environmental Science & Policy, 10: 17–38. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2006.10.004  ABSTRACT

McNie, E.C., 2008. Co-producing useful climate science for policy: Lessons from the RISA Program. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder. 

McNie, E.C., 2013. Delivering climate services: Organizational strategies and approaches for producing useful climate-science information. Weather, Climate, and Society, 5(1): 14–26. doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-11-00034.1  ABSTRACT

Meadow, A., D. Ferguson, Z. Guido, A. Horangic, G. Owen, and T. Wall, 2015. Moving toward the deliberate co-production of climate science knowledge.  Weather, Climate, and Society 7(2):179–191.  doi:  ABSTRACT

Meyer, M., 2010. The rise of the knowledge broker. Science Communication, 32: 118–127. doi:10.1177/1075547009359797 ABSTRACT

Michaels, S., 2009. Matching knowledge brokering strategies to environmental policy problems and settings. Environmental Science Policy, 12: 994–1011. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2009.05.002  ABSTRACT

Moser, S., 2009. Making a difference on the ground: the challenge of demonstrating the effectiveness of decision support. Climatic Change, 95: 11–21. doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9539-1 ABSTRACT

National Research Council, 2006. Linking knowledge with action for sustainable development: the role of program management – summary of a workshop. National Academies Press. 134 pgs. DOI: 10.1146/  ABSTRACT

National Research Council, 2009. Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate. National Academies Press, 200 pp.

Pielke, Jr., R.A., 2007. The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. Cambridge University Press.

Reed, M. S., L. C. Stringer, I. Fazey, A. C. Evely, and J. H. J. Kruijsen, 2014. Five principles for the practice of knowledge exchange in environmental management. J. Environ. Management, 146: 337–345. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.021  ABSTRACT

Reid, W.V., 2004. Bridging the Science-Policy Divide. PLoS Biol 2(2): e27. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020027

Sarewitz, D., and R.A. Pielke, 2007. The neglected heart of science policy: reconciling supply of and demand for science. Environmental Science and Policy, 10: 5-16. Doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2006.10.001.  ABSTRACT

Shanley, P., and C. López, 2009. Out of the loop: Why research rarely reaches policy makers and the public and what can be done. Biotropica, 41: 535–544. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00561.x  ABSTRACT

Smit, B., I. Burton, R. Kein, and R. Street, 1999. The science of adaptation: a framework for assessments. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 4: 199-213.  ABSTRACT

Stehr, N. and H. von Storch, 1999. An inconvenient democracy: knowledge and climate change. Social Sci. Publ. Pol. DOI 10-1007/s12115-012-9610-4.

Stokes, D.E., 1997. Pasteur’s Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Brookings Institution. 196 pp.

Tompkins, E. L. and W. N. Adger. 2004. Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecology and Society 9(2): 10.  ABSTRACT

Van Enst, W.I., Driessen, P.P.J., Runhaar, H.A.C., 2014. Towards productive science-policy interfaces: A research agenda. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 16: 1450007. doi:10.1142/S1464333214500070  ABSTRACT